Recent Changes - Search:

Pagine di servizio

Gruppi

Pagine in allestimento

Strumenti

Domini correlati

PmWiki

pmwiki.org

edit SideBar

Medicina popolare

Su questa pagina ... (sopprimi)

  1. 1. Terminologia
  2. 2. Sitografia
  3. 3. Bibliografia


1.  Terminologia

Traditional medicine WHO (OMS)
Traditional medicine is the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.


Folk medicine
The term folk medicine refers to healing practices and ideas of body physiology and health preservation known to a limited segment of the population in a culture, transmitted informally as general knowledge, and practiced or applied by anyone in the culture having prior experience.
Folk medicine may also be referred to as Traditional medicine, Alternative medicine, Indigenous medicine, Complementary medicine, Natural medicine. These titles are often considered interchangeable, even though some authors may prefer one or the other because of certain overtones they may be willing to highlight. In fact, out of these terms perhaps only Indigenous medicine and Traditional medicine are the terms well congruent with folk medicine, while others should be understood rather in modern or modernized context. en.Wikipedia

Volksmedizin
Volksmedizin umfasst das in der Bevölkerung von einer Generation zur nächsten überlieferte Wissen über Krankheiten, Heilmethoden und Heilmittel. Volksmedizin reicht bis in die Anfangsgründe der Menschheit. Neben dem Erfahrung sammeln durch reines Ausprobieren – z. B. von Heilpflanzen oder von Heilmitteln tierischen bzw. mineralischen Ursprungs stehen Beobachtungen etwa von Tieren, die bei Krankheit instinktiv gewisse Pflanzen fressen.

Medicina popolare (tradizionale, domestica)
Si definisce medicina tradizionale o medicina popolare l'insieme delle pratiche paramediche e mediche che fanno parte della tradizione popolare e del folklore[1].
Le sue origini sono antichissime[2], nell'uso di certe erbe della farmacopea naturale[3].
Secondo Cecilia Gatto Trocchi la medicina popolare è importante in quanto "raccoglie, conserva e descrive le conoscenze primitive e le interpretazioni dei fenomeni medico-biologici delle classi subalterne"[4]; i suoi studi antropologici sono stati approfonditi fin dall'Ottocento[5].
La medicina tradizionale comprende anche la medicina domestica (o medicina familiare), che consiste nei comportamenti e nelle pratiche igieniche, dietetiche e mediche svolte all'interno della famiglia e trasmesse di generazione in generazione. it.Wikipedia


Domestic medicine
Domestic medicine or domestic health care is a term used to describe the behavioral, nutritional and health care practices, hygiene included, performed in the household and transmitted from one generation to the other.
Such knowledge is complementary to the specialized skills of doctors and nurses. Consisting of preventive and curative tools, often related to first aid and medical herbs uses, the concept of domestic medicine, was first made popular in Western countries by Scottish physician William Buchan in the 18th century, and was spread by domestic economy manuals through the following two hundred years. An example of such a manual was written by English homeopath John Henry Clarke in the 19th century, A Dictionary of Domestic Medicine and Homeopathic Treatment.
Since the mid 20th century the success of scientific medicine, associated to the rise of public and private medical services, disrupted most family self-care traditions, decreasing the transfer of most domestic medicine skills from parents to children. en.Wikipedia

Hausmittel
Hausmittel sind einfache häusliche Mittel und Maßnahmen zur Selbstmedikation, die unter anderem privat, oft familiär oder auch in Ratgebern überliefert werden.
Im übertragenen Sinn nennt man ein Hausmittel jede Form einer nichtprofessionellen Lösung oder Anwendung auch im nicht-medizinischen Bereich.
Insbesondere Hausärzte und Heilkundige kennen jedoch einige Hausmittel und beziehen sie in ein Behandlungskonzept mit ein. Oft werden bestimmte Nahrungsmittel oder Tees sowie Wickel und warme oder kalte Anwendungen wie Bäder verwendet. Die Sozialmedizin sieht die Anwendung von Hausmitteln als Teil der autonomen, selbsttätigen Mitwirkung des Patienten. de.Wikipedia


Alternative medicine & Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine is any healing practice "that does not fall within the realm of conventional medicine."[1] It is based on historical or cultural traditions, rather than on scientific evidence. en.Wikipedia

Complementary medicine (Integrative medicine)
Integrative medicine or integrative health is a neologism coined by practitioners to describe the combination of practices and methods of alternative medicine with conventional medicine.[1][2][3] Some universities and hospitals have integrative-medicine departments. en.Wikipedia

Alternativmedizin (Komplementärmedizin)
Alternativmedizin (auch: Alternative Medizin) und Komplementärmedizin sind Sammelbezeichnungen für unterschiedliche Behandlungsmethoden und diagnostische Konzepte, die sich als Alternative oder Ergänzung zu wissenschaftlich begründeten Behandlungsmethoden verstehen, wie sie im Medizinstudium und im Psychologiestudium gelehrt werden. Letztere werden in diesem Sinn zur Abgrenzung auch als Schulmedizin bezeichnet. Zu den alternativ- und komplementärmedizinischen Behandlungsmethoden gehören Naturheilverfahren, Körpertherapieverfahren, einige Entspannungsverfahren und populäre Behandlungsmethoden, wie Homöopathie, Osteopathie und Akupunktur. Die Wirkungen vieler alternativmedizinischer Therapien beruhen hauptsächlich auf Placeboeffekten. de.Wikipedia

Medicina alternativa (complementare)
Con il termine medicina alternativa si fa riferimento a un variegato e non omogeneo sistema di pratiche[1] per le quali non esiste prova dell'efficacia[2] o che se sono state sottoposte a verifica sperimentale ne è stata ravvisata la inefficacia (o, per talune di esse, anche la pericolosità)[2]. Per tali motivi non vengono ricomprese nell'alveo della medicina scientifica. it.Wikipedia


2.  Sitografia

Prof. em. Dr. Ueli Gyr, Emeritus (Volkskunde), Tel.: 044 634 58 63, ugyr@ipk.uzh.ch
http://www.ipk.uzh.ch/aboutus/people/gyr.html

Dizionario storico della Svizzera
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/i/I25626.php

ENCICLOPEDIA delle DISCIPLINE BIONATURALI e MEDICINE COMPLEMENTARI
- MEDICINA POPOLARE -
http://www.aemetra-valeriosanfo.it/medicina%20popolare.html

3.  Bibliografia

Jahn, Ruth : Rezeptfrei gesund mit Schweizer Hausmitteln, Beobachter/Axel Springer Schweiz 2008, ISBN: 978-3-85569-399-3

Au, Franziska von: Die Hausapotheke, Bassermann 2011, ISBN: 978-3-8094-2816-9

Aschenbrenner, Eva, Throll, Angelika: Meine Hausapotheke, Kosmos 2010, ISBN: 978-3-440-12526-7

NEAL'S YARD REMEDIES (CUR.): RIMEDI DALLA NATURA. RICETTE E INFUSI DALLE ERBE MEDICINALI, TECNICHE NUOVE 2012, ISBN 978-8-8481-2736

MANTOVANI ROMOLO: LIBRO DELLE CURE NATURALI. CURARSI DA SE' CON I RIMEDI DELLA NATURA, L'ALTRA MEDICINA 2010, ISBN 978-8-8272-2087

FIRENZUOLI FABIO: FITOTERAPIA PER TUTTI. CURARSI OGGI CON LE PIANTE MEDICINALI, TECNICHE NUOVE 2010, ISBN 978-8-8481-2445





Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on February 12, 2012, at 09:32 PM